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45 важных британских сленговых выражений на каждый день

04

Апр 2016

45 важных британских сленговых выражений на каждый день

Опубликовал admin.globarius.com в ПУСТЬ МЕНЯ НАУЧАТ!

В Великобритании сленг используется повсеместно – с севера до юга и с востока до запада – вы везде найдёте интересную смесь английского и региональных диалектов, на которую иногда оказывает сильное влияние международная культура, усиленная интернет культурой.

Иностранца легко могут ввести в заблуждение сокращения, принятые в молодёжной среде, изощрённые словообразования, которыми пользуются профессионалы, и устаревшие формы, используемые пожилыми людьми для описания своих жизненных наблюдений.

Мы разработали для вас краткий толковый словарь широкоупотребимых сленговых выражений. Читайте, изучайте, используйте!

45 Essential British Slang Words for English Learners

No.

Сленговое слово/фраза

Перевод

Объяснение

1

Any road

В любом случае, всяко-разно

“Any road” is another way of saying “anyway”. It is commonly used up North. Instead of saying anyway, they say “any road”!

2

All right

Хорошо, все в порядке

This is technically a form of greeting. It is used a lot in London and the south to mean “Hello, how are you”. It is usually said as a question. Sometimes it gets expanded to “All right mate?” You would say it to someone you knew or a complete stranger. The normal response would be to say “All right” back to speaker.

3

Ace

Круто/й, обалденно/ый

This is used a lot in Liverpool. If something is ace, it means it is awesome!

4

Anal

Зануда, упёртый

When someone is being anal about something, he is choosing to be an asshole. He is choosing to be tight and strong minded like the anal sphincter. Therefore, you tell him: Don’t be anal”.

5

Ass

Задница, очень тяжёлая ситуация, упёртый человек

This means your buttocks, your backside, but mostly a donkey!

6

Arse

Зад, беспокойство/ить

This word means the same as ass, but is much ruder. It is used in phrases like “pain in the arse” (a nuisance) or I “can’t be arsed” (I can’t be bothered) or you might hear someone say “a half arsed attempt” meaning that it was not done properly.

7

Aye

  • Да. Возможные синонимы: yep, ay, yeah, exactly

It means yes. It is commonly used in Scotland. It was used in the film “Brave Heart”.

8

Bladdered

В стельку пьян
(bladder [ˈblædə] мочевой пузырь)
 When a Brit say you are Bladdered, they mean you are drunk.

9

Ballistic

Баллистический, огнеопасный

It is used in informal settings to describe anger and rage. E.g. He went ballistic (meaning he went mad).

10

Bloke

Парень, чувак

Another word for male.

11

Barmy

Больной, ненормальный

If someone tells you that you’re barmy they mean you have gone mad or crazy. For example you’d have to be barmy to visit England without trying black pudding!

12

Beastly

Скотский, ужасный, отвратительный, гадкий

You would call something or somebody beastly if they were really nasty or unpleasant. Most people would consider you a snob if you used this word.

13

Blinding

Ослепительный

If something is a blinding success – it means it’s a great success!

14

Blinkered

Зашоренный

Someone who is blinkered is narrow minded or narrow sighted – they only see one view on a subject.

15

Bloody

Очень, чертовски

One of the most useful swear words in English. It is used for emphasis. E.g.  “bloody awful” or “bloody hell”, “bloody brilliant”. It is used to emphasize almost anything!

16

Bollocks

Чушь, фигня

This is a great English word with many excellent uses. Technically speaking it means testicles but is typically used to describe something that is no good (that’s bollocks) or that someone is talking rubbish (he’s talking bollocks).

17

Bugger all

Пустое место, ничего, ноль без палочки

If something costs bugger all, it means that it costs nothing. Meaning it is cheap. If you have bugger all, it means you have nothing.

18

Cheers

Будем! За нас! (тост)
Держи хвост пистолетом!
Спасибо!

This word is obviously used when drinking with friends. However, it also has other colloquial meanings. For example when saying goodbye you could say “cheers”, or “cheers then”. It also means thank you.

19

Chips

Картошка фри

French fries. it is basically a deep fried finger length potatoes eaten in the UK not to be confused with American potato chips – these are known a crisps in the UK.

20

Chat up

Заигрывать, флиртовать

To be flirtatious, that is, to speak to someone with the intent of eventually engaging in sexual intercourse with them. Generally conducted in a relaxed, playful and outstandingly obvious manner.

21

Cracking

Обалденный/ая, крутой/ая

Another word for good. Usually said without pronouncing the last “G”. If a girl is cracking it means she is stunning.

22

Dear

Дорогой, дорогостоящий

If something is dear it means it is expensive. E.g. Don’t you think flights to Nigeria are dear.

23

Dodgy

Ненадёжный

Bad quality and untrustworthy. If someone or something is a bit dodgy, it is not to be trusted.

24

DIY

Сделай сам

It is Commonly used in Britain as a short for Do It Yourself.

25

Excuse me

Извините. Можно?

Technically, it is used when addressing a stranger, when interrupting or disagreeing with someone, or to request repetition of what has just been said.

26

Fancy

Хотеть, желать, любить (одушевлённые и неодушевленные предметы)

Like or desire. In America it means to like someone in a sexual way, to want to be with them, to want to go out with them. In Britain, fancy means the same but it also means ‘want’ E.g. Do you fancy a cake? Technically, fancy is used for both people and food.

27

Grub

Перекус/ить

Food. E.g. I’m hungry, Let’s get some grub.

28

Gutted

Опустошенный, 

выпотрошенный

This is a very common slang in Britain. It means to be sad or upset. E.g. like when you fail your driving test!

29

Jolly Good

Чудесный, обалденный

Very good. E.g. a Jolly good fellow

30

Daft

Тупой, сумасшедший

Basically means stupid, insane, nuts, moronic, asinine.

31

Knackered

Измотанный, уставший

Tired or sleepy; exhausted. E.g. I am feeling a bit knackered today.

32

Loaded

Богатенький

This has nothing to do with loading a van. It simply means ‘rich‘. When a Brit says that guy is loaded, it means he is rich!

33

Loony

Больной, ненормальный

Mad, crazy

34

On about

О чём?

This is a very handy one to know. It means what are you talking about? – What are you on about?

35

One off

Экстраординарный, из ряда вон

A one off is used to describe a one-time event that is never to be repeated.

36

Piece of cake

Легкотня, «подарок»

When something is exceptionally easy. E.g. He makes that dance look like a piece of cake.

37

Pissed

  • Злой
  • Крутой, навороченный

1. Extremely angry.
2. High class, sophisticated.

38

Puke

Фунт стерлингов

A pound in English money.

39

Smashing

Крутой, обалденный

If something is smashing, it means it is terrific.

40

Ta

Спасибо!

A slang word for Thank you.

41

Taking a Piss

Высмеять, вставить на смех

This has nothing to do with Urine. It basically means making fun of someone.

42

Twat

  • Ответить оскорблением на оскорбление
  • Тупица
  • Женский половой орган

A word used to insult someone who has offended you. It means a person who is a stupid and lacks good sense of judgement. It is also a slang for female genitals.

43

Up for it

Быть готовым к чему-то

To be available. When a Brit say they are up for it, it means you are willing to come along. E.g. - You up for going down the pub? - Yeah mate, i’m up for it.

44

Wanker

Дрочер, придурок

This is a derogatory term used to describe someone who is a bit of a jerk. It actually means someone who masturbates and also has a hand signal that can be done with one hand at people that cannot see you shouting “wanker” at them. This is particularly useful when driving.

45

Wind up

  • Заканчивать
  • Высмеивать кого-то
  • (в пассивном залоге) Быть раздражённым

This has a couple of meanings. If something you do is a “wind up” it means you are making fun of someone. However if you are “wound up” it means you are annoyed.

 Хотите ещё больше расширить свой словарь английского сленга? Тогда у нас есть для вас следующая подборка:

  1. 100 самых смелых разговорных выражений Великобритании: http://bit.ly/1fhIbm0
  2. Сленг Викторианской эпохи, переведенный на современный английский: http://bzfd.it/1I4JWAo
  3. Постоянно обновляемый словарь английского сленга: http://www.urbandictionary.com/
  4. Словарь британского сленга: http://www.effingpot.com/slang.shtml
  5. Топ 30 самых часто употребляемых британских разговорных выражений: http://bit.ly/139QcZV
  6. Британский и американский сленг: www.english.language.ru/slang
  7. 75 фраз на каждый день: http://www.lifehack.org/articles/lifestyle/simple-british-slangs-you-probably-should-start-using.html
  8. Сленг на тему еды от BBC: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/youmeus/lingo/lingo_food.shtml
  9. Словарь британского сленга: http://www.translatebritish.com/dictionary
  10. Уже ставшее классикой видео Хью Лори на шоу Ellen: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wYmrg3owTRE
  11. И еще 70 сленговых фраз на заметку: http://tcat.tc/Pe30YN

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